Astronomers Discover A Supermassive Black Hole Dating To Cosmic Dawn

Astronomers have discovered a super massive black hole, 12 billion times more massive than the sun Dating from cosmic Dawn.

Artist’s impression of a supermassive black hole at the centre of a distant quasar. Photograph: Zhaoyu Li/ShanghaiAstronomical/Peking University/PA

It's far more massive than any other black hole known. The black hole is located at the center of SDSS J0100+2802 an exceptionally luminous, newly discovered quasar .

The quasar is 12.8 billion light years away and shines as brightly as 420 million suns.

Astronomers cannot explain how such an enormous black hole could have formed so early in cosmic history, soon after the first stars and galaxies emerged.

Dr Fuyan Bian, from the Australian National University, a member of the international team, said: “Forming such a large black hole so quickly is hard to interpret with current theories ... “This black hole at the centre of the quasar gained enormous mass in a short period of time."  - the guardian reports.

The newly discovered quasar has a redshifts of 6.30 (a measurement of the stretching of light to the red end of the spectrum by the expansion of the universe ) meaning that it is very distant and old. Only 40 known quasars have a redshift higher than six.

It formed soon after the end of "cosmic dark age" a time when their is no light in our universe.

Our milky way's black hole located at it's center is nothing more than a dwarf in front of this supermassive black hole.